6. Transnational cooperation enables regions and cities to jointly tackle challenges that go beyond borders
Water pollution, maritime spatial planning, and integration of transport systems are examples of issues that each country cannot solve separately from its neighbours. Only by working together, regions and cities can successfully tackle such challenges.
The bottom of the Baltic Sea is one of the largest dead zones in the world, an area without oxygen and thus without life. Anoxia is caused by excess nutrient loading from human activities. To reduce the loads, the Interreg projects PURE and PRESTO advised operators of selected waste water treatment plants on better nutrient removal and invested in water treatment equipment. Training material developed from these examples was used in renovations of plants in other cities. Now the Interreg project IWAMA is connecting water sector experts for lifelong learning with the Baltic Smart Water Hub – an online platform showcasing good practices and technical solutions in water management.
The Baltic Sea region uses less than 15% of its capacity for offshore wind energy production. Missing connections among electricity grids, gaps in research and technology and insufficient cooperation leave the potential untapped. The Interreg project Baltic InteGrid brings all Baltic Sea countries on board to connect energy operators, industry, policy makers, authorities and academia to outline spatial plans for a coordinated Baltic Sea meshed offshore grid. Such a meshed offshore grid links electricity grids via hubs among each other and with the countries.
In this way, the Interreg project will significantly reduce one of the most important bottlenecks for the development of renewable energy sources in the Baltic Sea region, ensuring environmental benefits and sustainability of power supply.
More information about the project Baltic InteGrid.